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Phys. Ed. and Exercise Science Subject Guide: APA


APA Help

About APA

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The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association  includes standards for formatting a paper, for correct usage, and for citing references.

Click on the book image to check your library for copies.

APA Presentation on Version 6

APA Tutorials Version 6: Formatting Your Paper

Rules of APA Version 6 Formatting--Tutorial

Detailed APA Version 6 Formatting in MS Word: How-To Guide

How to Write a Research Proposal in APA Version 6

APA Template

APA Quick Facts for Version 6

Reasons for citing sources:

  • To show the source of your information
  • To enable others to locate your sources
  • To give credit to the author who created a body of information
  • To provide authoritative support for your arguments

Plagiarism 101

Basic components of a citation:


   (Author, Year of Publication)

   Example:  (Smith, 1943)


Reference page:

   Author. (Year of Publication). Title. Publisher information.

   Example:  Smith, B. (1943). A tree grows in Brooklyn. New York, NY: Harper Collins. (6th ed.)

                    Smith, B. (1943). A tree grows in Brooklyn. Harper Collins. (7th ed.)


General Formatting

  • Header includes Running head and page numbers (7th ed. removes the words running head and has title in all caps and page#s)
  • Margins are 1 inch on all sides
  • Paragraphs are double spaced
  • Font is 12pt Times New Roman (7th ed. adds Calibri size 11pt, Arial 11pt, Lucida Sans Unicode 10pt, and Georgia 11pt)

Title Page

  • Text is center aligned
  • Full title of the paper
  • Author name(s)
  • Affiliated institution and/or course number


  • Left aligned 
  • No paragraph indentation
  • 1-2 pages


  • The first line of each paragraph is indented 1/2 inch
  • Section headings to organize content

Reference List

  • "References" heading centered at the top of the page
  • Hanging indent on each reference entry
  • Left aligned
  • Organized alphabetically by the first letter in each reference entry
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Citation Generators

Both the library catalog and Google Scholar will create citations for you in APA, MLA, AMA and more. Always remember to double-check any computer-generated citations.

Library Catalog--Click on  tab inside catalog record for your source.

Google Scholar--Click on  tab on the bottom left inside source box.