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Master of Science: AMA Style

AMA Manual of Style

Helpful AMA Style Links

General Guidance

Citations can vary greatly depending on how much information you have available and whether you are using an online or print resource.  

The American Medical Association (AMA) style is widely used in medicine; however, if you intend to publish a paper, you should always check with the journal you wish to publish in to make sure that your citations fit within their required standards.  For example, if you go to the homepage for the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA), you'll see that they provide "Information for Authors".   This page details how to submit and format a manucript for JAOA, including citation style required.  Most journals provide this information for authors via their webpages.

Please refer to the AMA Style Guide, 10th edition, available at the library for detailed instructions on AMA citation style.

In-Text Citations

Use numbered superscripts when citing in-text to refer to corresponding references in your reference list.


Excerpt taken from: Taylor C, Kavanagh P, Zuckerman B. Sickle Cell Trait—Neglected Opportunities in the Era of Genomic Medicine. JAMA. 2014;():. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.2157.

Reference List Citation Examples

The following are basic examples of citations in AMA style.  Please consult the AMA Manual of Style and "Helpful AMA Style Links" when creating your own citations.

Print Journal Article:

  • Pozzilli P, Marchini F. Puppet with a voluminous goiter. J Endocrinol Invest. 2003;26(6):595.

Online Journal Article:

  • Ince C, van Kuiken A, Milstein DMJ, et al. Why Rudolph’s nose is red: observational study. BMJ. 2012; 345(7888): 5-7. doi:

Print Book:

  • Upledger JE. Cell talk: Talking to Your Cell(f). Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books; 2003.

Library E-Book:

Occasionally e-book providers will also provide you with citations, like the one given by EBSCO below.

  • Harrison T, Braunwald E. Harrison's Manual Of Medicine [e-book]. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical Pub. Division; 2002. Available from: eBook Collection (EBSCOhost), Ipswich, MA. Accessed March 6, 2014.

Web Site

  • Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity. Healthy Weight - it's not a diet, it's a lifestyle! Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  Published August 17, 2011. Accessed March 6, 2014.



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