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Doctor of Medical Science Guide: AMA


AMA Citation Style Guide

AMA Manual of Style

Helpful AMA Style Links

Citation Generators

Both the library catalog and Google Scholar will create citations for you in APA, MLA, AMA and more. Always remember to double-check any computer-generated citations.

Library Catalog--Click on  tab inside catalog record for your source.

Google Scholar--Click on  tab on the bottom left inside source box.

Citation Managers

General Guidance

Citations can vary greatly depending on how much information you have available and whether you are using an online or print resource.  

The American Medical Association (AMA) style is widely used in medicine; however, if you intend to publish a paper, you should always check with the journal you wish to publish in to make sure that your citations fit within their required standards.  For example, if you go to the homepage for the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA), you'll see that they provide "Information for Authors".   This page details how to submit and format a manucript for JAOA, including citation style required.  Most journals provide this information for authors via their webpages.

Please refer to the AMA Style Guide, 10th edition, available at the library for detailed instructions on AMA citation style.

AMA Template and Resources

The following template provides a guide to writing an AMA style paper. Because AMA style does not specify all details, some parts have been improvised. Please note the important inserted notes in the sidebar alongside the template. Always follow any instructions your professor may give! 

In-Text Citations

Use numbered superscripts when citing in-text to refer to corresponding references in your reference list.


Excerpt taken from: Taylor C, Kavanagh P, Zuckerman B. Sickle Cell Trait—Neglected Opportunities in the Era of Genomic Medicine. JAMA. 2014;():. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.2157.

Reference List Citation Examples

Print Book:

  • Upledger JE. Cell talk: Talking to Your Cell(f). Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books; 2003.

Library E-Book:

Occasionally e-book providers will also provide you with citations, like the one given by EBSCO below.

  • Harrison T, Braunwald E. Harrison's Manual Of Medicine [e-book]. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical Pub. Division; 2002. Available from: eBook Collection (EBSCOhost), Ipswich, MA. Accessed March 6, 2014.

Print Journal Article:

  • Pozzilli P, Marchini F. Puppet with a voluminous goiter. J Endocrinol Invest. 2003;26(6):595.

Journal article with DOI number (accessed through electronic databases):

  • Scott T, Eisley M, Abrams C. The discover of a new theory for practice in the science of neuroanatomy. Arch Neurol. 2009;74(7): 1324-1335. doi:10.1121/j.2435.x46.2009.74.7.x (No need for url and access date if using DOI)

Journal article with no DOI number accessed from a website:

  • Hogan J, Miller T, Askins E, Bond D. Looking at pediatric evidence based medicine. Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008;175(2):423-433. Accessed June 1, 2014.

Website with Author:

  • Ainsley M. Tracking the most prominent diseases. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. Updated August 25, 2013. Accessed June 1, 2014.

Website without Author:

  • Influenza across the states. County Health Rankings Web site.

Group/Agency Report:

  • World Health Organization. Ethical standards for the treatment of pediatric patients in research studies. Published January 15, 2012. Accessed June 1, 2014.


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