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APA Manual

  Publication Manual of the APA   

Click on the book image to check your library for copies.

APA Template

APA Quick Facts

Reasons for citing sources:

  • To show the source of your information
  • To enable others to locate your sources
  • To give credit to the author who created a body of information
  • To provide authoritative support for your arguments

Plagiarism 101

Basic components of a citation:


   (Author, Year of Publication)

   Example:  (Smith, 1943)


Reference page:

   Author. (Year of Publication). Title. Publisher information.

   Example:  Smith, B. (1943). A tree grows in Brooklyn. New York, NY: Harper Collins. (6th ed.)

                    Smith, B. (1943). A tree grows in Brooklyn. Harper Collins. (7th ed.)


General Formatting

  • Header includes page numbers on the top right beginning with page 1 on title page
  • Margins are 1 inch on all sides
  • Paragraphs are double spaced
  • Font is 12pt Times New Roman or Calibri size 11pt, Arial 11pt, Lucida Sans Unicode 10pt, and Georgia 11pt

Title Page

  • Text is center aligned and on top half of page
  • Full title of the paper
  • Author name(s)
  • Include course#, institution and professor's name


  • Left aligned. No indent.
  • No more than 250 words
  • Word Abstract is in title case, bolded and centered at top of page


  • The first line of each paragraph is indented 1/2 inch
  • Section headings to organize content (see p. 48 of manual)
  • Title of paper is in title case, bolded and centered at top of first page
  • Do not manually divide words at the end of a line

Reference List

  • "References" is capitalized, bolded and centered at top of page
  • Hanging indent on each reference entry
  • Left aligned
  • Organized alphabetically by the first letter in each reference entry
  • No longer use "Retrieved from" for website reference

Citation Managers

Citation Managers

Citation Generators

Both the library catalog and Google Scholar will create citations for you in APA, MLA, AMA and more. Always remember to double-check any computer-generated citations.

Library Catalog: Click on  tab inside catalog record for your source.

Google Scholar--Click on  tab on the bottom left inside source box.

: Click on Start now and type in a title, URL, ISBN or another identifier. BibGuru has APA samples, explanations, and links for more APA help.