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Osteopathic Medicine: AMA

AMA Manual of Style

Helpful AMA Style Links

Citation Generators

Both the library catalog and Google Scholar will create citations for you in APA, MLA, AMA and more. Always remember to double-check any computer-generated citations.

Library Catalog: Click on  tab inside catalog record for your source.

Google Scholar--Click on  tab on the bottom left inside source box.

: Click on Start now and type in a title, URL, ISBN or another identifier. BibGuru has AMA samples, explanations, and links for more AMA help.

Citation Managers

General Guidance

Citations can vary greatly depending on how much information you have available and whether you are using an online or print resource.  

The American Medical Association (AMA) style is widely used in medicine; however, if you intend to publish a paper, you should always check with the journal you wish to publish in to make sure that your citations fit within their required standards.  For example, if you go to the homepage for the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA), you'll see that they provide "Information for Authors".   This page details how to submit and format a manucript for JAOA, including citation style required.  Most journals provide this information for authors via their webpages.

Please refer to the AMA Manual of Style, 11th Edition, available at the library for detailed instructions on AMA citation style.

AMA Template and Resources

The following is a one-page reference sheet for AMA style. This sheet is a quick reference for standard AMA citations and the basic information they require. For more detailed information about citations, please refer to the AMA Manual of Style (11th ed.) or contact one of our librarians.

In-Text Citations

Use numbered superscripts when citing in-text to refer to corresponding references in your reference list.


Excerpt taken from: Taylor C, Kavanagh P, Zuckerman B. Sickle Cell Trait—Neglected Opportunities in the Era of Genomic Medicine. JAMA. 2014;():. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.2157.

Reference List Citation Examples

Print Book:

  • Upledger JE. Cell Talk: Talking to Your Cell(f). North Atlantic Books; 2003.

Library E-Book:

  • Jameson JL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, et al, eds. Harrison's Manual Of Medicine. 20th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2020. Accessed June 6, 2020.

Print Journal Article:

  • Pozzilli P, Marchini F. Puppet with a voluminous goiter. J Endocrinol Invest. 2003;26(6):595.

Journal article with DOI number (accessed through electronic databases):

  • Pendergraft LT, Lehnert AL, Marzluff JM. Individual and social factors affecting the ability of American crows to solve and master a string pulling task. Ethology. 2019;126:229-245. doi:10.1111/eth.12980

Journal article with no DOI number accessed from a website:

  • Hogan J, Miller T, Askins E, Bond D. Looking at pediatric evidence based medicine. Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008;175(2):423-433. Accessed June 1, 2014.

Website with Author:

  • Ainsley M. Tracking the most prominent diseases. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Updated August 25, 2013. Accessed June 1, 2014.

Website without Author:

  • Influenza across the states. County Health Rankings. Accessed June 1, 2014.

Group/Agency Report:

  • World Health Organization. Ethical standards for the treatment of pediatric patients in research studies. Published January 15, 2012. Accessed June 1, 2014.